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Firewood Types: Which Firewood Types Should you Use?

by Olivia

Summer is a good season for campfire and traveling to different places for the holidays. So why not get a cord of wood and friends and make something fine? However, different places mean different kinds of environment and different plants, so if we want to make campfire for fun, it’s important to know which types of wood is the best choice to burn.

Some types may work great as kindling but burn too fast to keep the fire burning. Some may burn forever but are difficult to get going without supplemental wood. Others are great to hang your cot bed from but are better left alone when it comes time to build the campfire.

Maybe you plan to buy your wood from a local supplier. But good quality seasoned hardwood will cost more than a green, less desirable species. Why not buying green firewood could save you money. So I will share with you 7 different kinds of firewood which you can easily find or buy.

They can be divided in two groups, hard wood and soft wood. As you can image, their nature define their usage. In addition, I will give you the advantages and disadvantages of those woods. Hope you can choose right and best wood to burn!

Firewood Types

Firewood Types

Hard wood

Hardwoods can be used in many different ways, including fuel, tools, construction, furniture making, musical instruments, cooking, barrels, and manufacture of charcoal. Hardwood may burn longer but takes longer for the wood to season or dry out. Because of the density and volume, hardwoods like oak, cherry and maple, wood like these more suited for camp fires, cooking fires, and smoking meat, as they tend to burn hotter and longer than softwoods like pine or birch which have low-density construction.

Oak wood

One of the most common types of trees and best firewood you can choose, oak can be found pretty much anywhere. Three common species of oak are the northern red oak, white oak and pin oak. Although it doesn’t grow very tall, it can still get quite massive. It’s a very dense hardwood tree, so it burns for a very long time and provides excellent heat for your home. Because of its density, it requires continuous high heat to really start it burning well. And softwood can help a lot, such as pine and birch. You just need to get a base going and then adding oak on top of the fire. And once it does get burning, there isn’t much maintenance that must be done.

Maple wood

Maple firewood is a great firewood choice. And also dried wood is often used for the smoking of food. Charcoal from maples is an integral part of the Lincoln County Process used to make Tennessee Whiskey. It is a deciduous hardwood with above average heating values. Although it is difficult to split up, it is efficient and hot-burning. And at some point, it likes oak. Maple firewood is difficult to kindle but burns strongly once it gets going. You also can use softwood I mentioned to start. It also produces very little smoke. And because of this, it can be wonderful when burn it for bonfire parties where a lot of people are going to be gathered around.

Elm wood

Elm is a very dense hardwood that is very common in many places. In North America, the American elm was the predominate tree. Its strong wood, resistance to wind damage and rapid growth made it a popular choice. Many people don’t place it on the top choice. For it’s just “Okay” to use. The wood provides decent heat but it’s really a hard work to split it into pieces or logs. But luckily, dead elm trees are found pretty much everywhere due to elm diseases. And the wood from these standing dead trees can produce good firewood because of how dry the wood is.

 Cherry wood

The cherry is known for producing exceptional lumber. The wood is used to make furniture, flooring and cabinets. The wood fiber has a reddish hue on the inside and also has a pleasant fragrance. Cherry firewood is a popular choice for many people who fancy in scent. Cherry produces little smell good smoke. As a fruit tree, it also produces a sweet burning aroma that can be very pleasant on a fall evening. However, it doesn’t burn as well as other hardwoods. For it only offer a medium heat. And if you use cherry wood, make sure use it in a night of mild temperature and weather.

Chestnut wood

Chestnut is one of the worst hardwoods and you shouldn’t use it as firewood. It is valued for its rich color and straight grain in manufacturing fine furniture, particularly desks, tables and chairs. Though this kind of hardwood burns and splits easily, it just produces a small flame that burns at a low heat and throws out a lot of sparks and heavy smoke. You cannot image how awful it is! If you have no options to choice, be sure to only use chestnut as supplemental firewood.

Soft wood

Softwood have highly-flammable which makes them burn quickly and without producing quite as much heat. Softwood like pine will do well for a campfire because it burns easily but not as long as a hardwood. So softwood can be used as fire-starter when you want to make your campfire.

Pine wood

Pine is a kind of softwood. In temperate and tropical regions, they are fast-growing softwood that will grow in relatively dense stands. But it should only be burned outdoors if you want to burn it. If used indoor, creosote can form from cool gases that released to the inside of the chimney. If these deposits catch fire, the result is a chimney fire. As you know, there is a chance for creosote buildup inside the chimney that can cause a fire. And because of this, you may put your whole family in danger. It burns messy and exclusively. But it does well when use it as a outdoor firewood. And pine wood smells so great. Because it burns very quickly, you should not use pine as your only firewood. You can use the hardwood I mentioned, such as oak, etc.

Birch wood

These trees are best known for their unique bark. There are different kinds of birch. The yellow birch and the black birch produce the best firewood in birch family. Another common species of birch called the white birch can also be used for firewood but it doesn’t supply as much heat as those two. It’s a more soft wood than pine. It means that it’s a great kindling for it burns very quickly. It also burns very bright and hot. It also produces the perfect amount of light to cook dinner by.

All the woods I mentioned above you can use depend on your choice. But be sure to choose the most suitable one or several. And be sure to store all the wood in a dry and far away from fire place. If those woods get moisture, it may cost a lot to let it burn. And be caution when making fire. For fire is kind and also merciless. Hope my words help you a lot!

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